Cities are growing more and more, it is expected that 90% of the population will end up living in them. All this growth always entails a series of problems that must be faced to satisfy a quality of life for citizens and offer a public service. Fortunately, technology accompanies us by the hand and helps us solve problems in cities.
The Smart City
As mentioned above, technology helps cities deal with some problems. Cities combined with IoT technology, information and communication intelligence (ICT), enable the conversion of cities into Smart City. In this way, everything is monitored and managed, from transportation to air and water quality. In addition, thanks to Artificial Intelligence, computer programs can make decisions and decide which alternative is the best. Today we already have 25 smart cities which 12 are European like Amsterdam, London, Paris …
According to a study conducted by Markess International, smart cities should have three main characteristics:
- Interactive and mobile relationship between users: good communication and interaction between users, being these consumers and producers of information both daily and professionally.
- Optimized space supervision: this means that a center has the ability to intercommunicate objects and actors thanks to networks. This allows a data collection, the latter being necessary to analyse situations and adapt.
- Development and promotion of new forms of cooperation: it is the ability to conduct transversal projects, favouring the dynamics and allowing associations between intergovernmental actors and private actors.
What is expected of these cities?
The Smart City is an emerging sector within the framework of sustainability of the European Union for 2020. It is intended to save energy and reduce emissions by 20% and another 20% in increasing renewable energy.
The fact of integrating renewable energy sources allows the consumer to also generate electricity in a smart city. This system called distributed generation also facilitates the integration of the electric car and storage systems, the buildings have smart meters to make possible a more sustainable consumption. In addition, with smart grids and sensors, a new management of energy is possible, improving the quality of service, but above all it seeks to involve the citizen as another element of the smart city.
There are already many initiatives that drive sustainable economic growth and the prosperity of citizens. We have the tools to analyse the data and make better decisions anticipating the problems. Smart cities are oriented to provide services to citizens to facilitate and improve their lives, but the category “Smart” is not durable implies the commitment of a constant process of improvement with an almost infinite potential and a distant goal.